Auditd events are not captured for centos

Hi There,

We are running latest version of elastic stack 7.9. One issues we observed is auditd events are not captured for Centos 7 operating systems. Audit rules are already enabled and we see the events getting captured in /var/log/audit/audit.log.

This is is happening only for Centos , other OS like oracle linux and Amazon Linux 2 etc all giving the auditd events in elasticsearch dashboard.

We have also tested this on an old version of elasticsearch 7.6 and we are getting the same issues , Auditd events are not getting captures for centos alone.

Please help

Hi Team,

Please have a check on this, auditd events are not captured for CentOS by auditbeat.

Could you please share your configuration format it using </> and debug logs?

Hello Noemi,

Below is the auditctl -l output from server

auditctl -l
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S rename,unlink,unlinkat,renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=delete
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S unlink,rename,unlinkat,renameat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=delete
-w /var/log/lastlog -p wa -k logins
-w /var/run/faillock -p wa -k logins
-w /var/run/utmp -p wa -k session
-w /var/log/wtmp -p wa -k session
-w /var/log/btmp -p wa -k session
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown,fchown,lchown,fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S lchown,fchown,chown,fchownat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=perm_mod
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open,truncate,ftruncate,creat,openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open,creat,truncate,ftruncate,openat -F exit=-EACCES -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open,truncate,ftruncate,creat,openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=access
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open,creat,truncate,ftruncate,openat -F exit=-EPERM -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=-1 -F key=access
-w /var/log/sudo.log -p wa -k actions
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S adjtimex,settimeofday -F key=time-change
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S stime,settimeofday,adjtimex -F key=time-change
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S clock_settime -F key=time-change
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S clock_settime -F key=time-change
-w /etc/localtime -p wa -k time-change
-w /etc/group -p wa -k identity
-w /etc/passwd -p wa -k identity
-w /etc/gshadow -p wa -k identity
-w /etc/shadow -p wa -k identity
-w /etc/security/opasswd -p wa -k identity

Auditbeat config

# =========================== Modules configuration ============================
auditbeat.modules:

- module: auditd
  # Load audit rules from separate files. Same format as audit.rules(7).
  audit_rule_files: [ '${path.config}/audit.rules.d/*.conf' ]
  audit_rules: |
    ## Define audit rules here.
    ## Create file watches (-w) or syscall audits (-a or -A). Uncomment these
    ## examples or add your own rules.

    ## If you are on a 64 bit platform, everything should be running
    ## in 64 bit mode. This rule will detect any use of the 32 bit syscalls
    ## because this might be a sign of someone exploiting a hole in the 32
    ## bit API.
    #-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S all -F key=32bit-abi

    ## Executions.
    #-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S execve,execveat -k exec

    ## External access (warning: these can be expensive to audit).
    #-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S accept,bind,connect -F key=external-access

    ## Identity changes.
    #-w /etc/group -p wa -k identity
    #-w /etc/passwd -p wa -k identity
    #-w /etc/gshadow -p wa -k identity

    ## Unauthorized access attempts.
    #-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open,creat,truncate,ftruncate,openat,open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EACCES -k access
    #-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S open,creat,truncate,ftruncate,openat,open_by_handle_at -F exit=-EPERM -k access

- module: file_integrity
  paths:
  - /bin
  - /usr/bin
  - /sbin
  - /usr/sbin
  - /etc

- module: system
  datasets:
    - package # Installed, updated, and removed packages

  period: 10m # The frequency at which the datasets check for changes

- module: system
  datasets:
    - host    # General host information, e.g. uptime, IPs
    - login   # User logins, logouts, and system boots.
    - user    # User information

  period: 1m


#- module: system
#  datasets:
#    - process # Started and stopped processes
#    - socket  # Opened and closed sockets

#  period: 15s




  # How often datasets send state updates with the
  # current state of the system (e.g. all currently
  # running processes, all open sockets).
  state.period: 12h

  # Enabled by default. Auditbeat will read password fields in
  # /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow and store a hash locally to
  # detect any changes.
  user.detect_password_changes: true

  # File patterns of the login record files.
  login.wtmp_file_pattern: /var/log/wtmp*
  login.btmp_file_pattern: /var/log/btmp*

# ======================= Elasticsearch template setting =======================
setup.template.settings:
  index.number_of_shards: 1
  index.codec: best_compression
  #_source.enabled: false


# ================================== General ===================================

# The name of the shipper that publishes the network data. It can be used to group
# all the transactions sent by a single shipper in the web interface.

# output.
fields:
  region: "IT India"



# =================================== Kibana ===================================

# Starting with Beats version 6.0.0, the dashboards are loaded via the Kibana API.
# This requires a Kibana endpoint configuration.
setup.kibana:

  # Kibana Host
  # Scheme and port can be left out and will be set to the default (http and 5601)
  # In case you specify and additional path, the scheme is required: http://localhost:5601/path
  # IPv6 addresses should always be defined as: https://[2001:db8::1]:5601
  host: "hotnode1:5601"


# ================================== Outputs ===================================

# Configure what output to use when sending the data collected by the beat.

# ---------------------------- Elasticsearch Output ----------------------------
output.elasticsearch:
  # Array of hosts to connect to.
  hosts: ["hotnode1:9200", "hotnode2:9200"]
  compression_level: 9

  # Protocol - either `http` (default) or `https`.
  protocol: "https"

  # Authentication credentials - either API key or username/password.
  #api_key: "id:api_key"
  username: "elastic"
  password: "ajsfdhgsfdfsd"

  ssl.verification_mode: none

queue.mem:
  events: 32
  flush.min_events: 16




# ------------------------------ Logstash Output -------------------------------
#output.logstash:
  # The Logstash hosts
  #hosts: ["localhost:5044"]

  # Optional SSL. By default is off.
  # List of root certificates for HTTPS server verifications
  #ssl.certificate_authorities: ["/etc/pki/root/ca.pem"]

  # Certificate for SSL client authentication
  #ssl.certificate: "/etc/pki/client/cert.pem"

  # Client Certificate Key
  #ssl.key: "/etc/pki/client/cert.key"

# ================================= Processors =================================

# Configure processors to enhance or manipulate events generated by the beat.

processors:
  - add_host_metadata: ~
#  - add_cloud_metadata: ~
#  - add_docker_metadata: ~


  - drop_fields:
      fields: ["agent.id", "agent.version", "cloud.availability_zone", "cloud.image.id", "cloud.instance.id", "cloud.machine.type", "cloud.provider", "cloud.region", "ecs.version", "agent.ephemeral_id", "agent.id", "host.architecture", "host.os.platform", "host.os.version", "agent.name", "host.containerized"]
      ignore_missing: true

  - drop_event:
      when:
        equals:
          process.name: "chronyd"




# ================================== Logging ===================================

# Sets log level. The default log level is info.
# Available log levels are: error, warning, info, debug
#logging.level: debug

# At debug level, you can selectively enable logging only for some components.
# To enable all selectors use ["*"]. Examples of other selectors are "beat",
# "publish", "service".
#logging.selectors: ["*"]
logging.metrics.enabled: false

Currently all rules are applied at system auditd and not in the auditbeat config. This is working fine for other Linux distributions like Oracle Linux , Red Hat Linux etc. we are seeing problem only for Centos Versions

If you're using a kernel older than 3.16, it's not possible to use Auditbeat as a passive monitor while the auditd service is running. You need to stop auditd and set the rules from Auditbeat.

It's explained under the socket_type configuration setting in the docs:

socket_type

This optional setting controls the type of socket that Auditbeat uses to receive events from the kernel. The two options are unicast and multicast .

unicast should be used when Auditbeat is the primary userspace daemon for receiving audit events and managing the rules. Only a single process can receive audit events through the "unicast" connection so any other daemons should be stopped (e.g. stop auditd ).

multicast can be used in kernel versions 3.16 and newer. By using multicast Auditbeat will receive an audit event broadcast that is not exclusive to a a single process. This is ideal for situations where auditd is running and managing the rules. If multicast is specified, but the kernel version is less than 3.16 Auditbeat will automatically revert to unicast .

By default Auditbeat will use multicast if the kernel version is 3.16 or newer and no rules have been defined. Otherwise unicast will be used.