JRE 1.7.0_11 / ES 1.0.1 - GC not collecting old gen / Memory Leak?

JRE 1.7.0_11 / ES 1.0.1 - GC not collecting old gen / Memory Leak?

Hi,

We're seeing issues where GC collects less and less memory over time
leading to the need to restart our nodes.

The following is our setup and what we've tried. Please tell me if anything
is lacking and I'll be glad to provide more details.

Also appreciate any advice on how we can improve our configurations.

Thank you for any help!

Gavin

Cluster Setup

  • Tribes that link to 2 clusters

  • Cluster 1

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 2 hourly indices (1 for syslog, 1 for application logs)

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 2 million docs (6gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

  • Cluster 2

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 1 hourly index

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 8 million docs (20gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

Interestingly, we're actually having problems on Cluster 1's hot nodes even
though it indexes less.

It suggests that this is a problem with searching because Cluster 1 is
searched on a lot more.

Machine settings (hot node)

  • java

    • java version "1.7.0_11"

    • Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_11-b21)

    • Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.6-b04, mixed mode)

  • 128gb ram

  • 8 cores, 32 cpus

  • ssds (raid 0)

JVM settings

                                                                            
                                                       
java                                                                       
                                                                            
                                                        
-Xms96g -Xmx96g -Xss256k                                                   
                                                                            
                                                        
-Djava.awt.headless=true                                                   
                                                                            
                                                        
-XX:+UseParNewGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC 
-XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=75                                       
                                                                            
              
-XX:+UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly                                         
                                                                            
                                                        
-XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+PrintGCTimeStamps -XX:+PrintClassHistogram 
-XX:+PrintTenuringDistribution                                             
                                                                
-XX:+PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -Xloggc:/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log 
-XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError                                             
                                                          
-verbose:gc -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps -XX:+UseGCLogFileRotation 
-XX:NumberOfGCLogFiles=10 -XX:GCLogFileSize=10M                             
                                                                      
-Xloggc:[...]                                                               
                                                                            
                                                       
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote 
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.local.only=[...]                             
                                                                            
                        
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=[...] 
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=[...]                           
                                                                            
              
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=[...]                                   
                                                                            
                                                       
-Delasticsearch -Des.pidfile=[...]                                         
                                                                            
                                                        
-Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch -cp 
:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/elasticsearch-1.0.1.jar:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/*:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/sigar/* 
                                         
-Des.default.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch                             
                                                                            
                                                       
-Des.default.path.logs=[...]                                               
                                                                            
                                                        
-Des.default.path.data=[...]                                               
                                                                            
                                                        
-Des.default.path.work=[...]                                               
                                                                            
                                                        
-Des.default.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch 
org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch                                   
                                                                            
             

Key elasticsearch.yml settings

  • threadpool.bulk.type: fixed

  • threadpool.bulk.queue_size: 1000

  • indices.memory.index_buffer_size: 30%

  • index.translog.flush_threshold_ops: 50000

  • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 30%

Search Load (Cluster 1)

  • Mainly Kibana3 (queries ES with daily alias that expands to 24 hourly
    indices)

  • Jenkins jobs that constantly run and do many faceting/aggregations for
    the last hour's of data

Things we've tried (unsuccesfully)

  • GC settings

    • young/old ratio

      • Set young/old ration to 50/50 hoping that things would get GCed
        before having the chance to move to old.

      • The old grew at a slower rate but still things could not be
        collected.

    • survivor space ratio

      • Give survivor space a higher ratio of young

      • Increase number of generations to make it to old be 10 (up from 6)

    • Lower cms occupancy ratio

      • Tried 60% hoping to kick GC earlier. GC kicked in earlier but still
        could not collect.
  • Limit filter/field cache

    • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 32GB

    • indices.cache.filter.size: 4GB

  • Optimizing index to 1 segment on the 3rd hour

  • Limit JVM to 32 gb ram

  • Limit JVM to 65 gb ram

    • This fulfils the 'leave 50% to the os' principle.
  • Read 90.5/7 OOM errors-- memory leak or GC problems?

https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!searchin/elasticsearch/memory$20leak/elasticsearch/_Zve60xOh_E/N13tlXgkUAwJ

  • But we're not using term filters

32 GB Heap

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-T6uUeqSFhns/VEUMsYWwukI/AAAAAAAABm0/eayuSevxWNY/s1600/es_32gb.png

65 GB Heap

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-C9ScRI9pO2A/VEUM6uxcJ-I/AAAAAAAABm8/iGqqKemt4aw/s1600/es_65gb.png

65 GB Heap with changed young/old ratio

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Ugzr4PQv_uE/VEUNGy-zguI/AAAAAAAABnE/FbnhnVHQQ20/s1600/es_65gb_yo.png

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Hi Gavin,

You might be hit by the following Guava bug:
https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch/issues/6268. It was fixed in
Elasticsearch 1.1.3/1.2.1/1.3.0

On Mon, Oct 20, 2014 at 3:27 PM, Gavin Seng seng.gavin@gmail.com wrote:

JRE 1.7.0_11 / ES 1.0.1 - GC not collecting old gen / Memory Leak?

Hi,

We're seeing issues where GC collects less and less memory over time
leading to the need to restart our nodes.

The following is our setup and what we've tried. Please tell me if
anything is lacking and I'll be glad to provide more details.

Also appreciate any advice on how we can improve our configurations.

Thank you for any help!

Gavin

Cluster Setup

  • Tribes that link to 2 clusters

  • Cluster 1

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 2 hourly indices (1 for syslog, 1 for application logs)

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 2 million docs (6gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

  • Cluster 2

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 1 hourly index

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 8 million docs (20gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

Interestingly, we're actually having problems on Cluster 1's hot nodes
even though it indexes less.

It suggests that this is a problem with searching because Cluster 1 is
searched on a lot more.

Machine settings (hot node)

  • java

    • java version "1.7.0_11"

    • Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_11-b21)

    • Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.6-b04, mixed mode)

  • 128gb ram

  • 8 cores, 32 cpus

  • ssds (raid 0)

JVM settings



java


-Xms96g -Xmx96g -Xss256k


-Djava.awt.headless=true


-XX:+UseParNewGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC
-XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=75


-XX:+UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly


-XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+PrintGCTimeStamps -XX:+PrintClassHistogram
-XX:+PrintTenuringDistribution

-XX:+PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -Xloggc:/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log
-XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError

-verbose:gc -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps -XX:+UseGCLogFileRotation
-XX:NumberOfGCLogFiles=10 -XX:GCLogFileSize=10M

-Xloggc:[...]


-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.local.only=[...]


-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=[...]
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=[...]


-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=[...]


-Delasticsearch -Des.pidfile=[...]


-Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch -cp
:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/elasticsearch-1.0.1.jar:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/*:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/sigar/*

-Des.default.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch


-Des.default.path.logs=[...]


-Des.default.path.data=[...]


-Des.default.path.work=[...]


-Des.default.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch
org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch


Key elasticsearch.yml settings

  • threadpool.bulk.type: fixed

  • threadpool.bulk.queue_size: 1000

  • indices.memory.index_buffer_size: 30%

  • index.translog.flush_threshold_ops: 50000

  • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 30%

Search Load (Cluster 1)

  • Mainly Kibana3 (queries ES with daily alias that expands to 24 hourly
    indices)

  • Jenkins jobs that constantly run and do many faceting/aggregations for
    the last hour's of data

Things we've tried (unsuccesfully)

  • GC settings

    • young/old ratio

      • Set young/old ration to 50/50 hoping that things would get GCed
        before having the chance to move to old.

      • The old grew at a slower rate but still things could not be
        collected.

    • survivor space ratio

      • Give survivor space a higher ratio of young

      • Increase number of generations to make it to old be 10 (up from 6)

    • Lower cms occupancy ratio

      • Tried 60% hoping to kick GC earlier. GC kicked in earlier but still
        could not collect.
  • Limit filter/field cache

    • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 32GB

    • indices.cache.filter.size: 4GB

  • Optimizing index to 1 segment on the 3rd hour

  • Limit JVM to 32 gb ram

  • Limit JVM to 65 gb ram

    • This fulfils the 'leave 50% to the os' principle.
  • Read 90.5/7 OOM errors-- memory leak or GC problems?

https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!searchin/elasticsearch/memory$20leak/elasticsearch/_Zve60xOh_E/N13tlXgkUAwJ

  • But we're not using term filters

32 GB Heap

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-T6uUeqSFhns/VEUMsYWwukI/AAAAAAAABm0/eayuSevxWNY/s1600/es_32gb.png

65 GB Heap

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-C9ScRI9pO2A/VEUM6uxcJ-I/AAAAAAAABm8/iGqqKemt4aw/s1600/es_65gb.png

65 GB Heap with changed young/old ratio

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Ugzr4PQv_uE/VEUNGy-zguI/AAAAAAAABnE/FbnhnVHQQ20/s1600/es_65gb_yo.png

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.
For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.

--
Adrien Grand

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For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.

Please post all updates here (has pictures and better
formatting): https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!topic/elasticsearch/VxkosQuKzaA

Thanks Adrien, I've cross-posted your reply in the other post.

On Monday, October 20, 2014 3:57:56 PM UTC-4, Adrien Grand wrote:

Hi Gavin,

You might be hit by the following Guava bug:
https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch/issues/6268. It was fixed
in Elasticsearch 1.1.3/1.2.1/1.3.0

On Mon, Oct 20, 2014 at 3:27 PM, Gavin Seng <seng....@gmail.com
<javascript:>> wrote:

JRE 1.7.0_11 / ES 1.0.1 - GC not collecting old gen / Memory Leak?

Hi,

We're seeing issues where GC collects less and less memory over time
leading to the need to restart our nodes.

The following is our setup and what we've tried. Please tell me if
anything is lacking and I'll be glad to provide more details.

Also appreciate any advice on how we can improve our configurations.

Thank you for any help!

Gavin

Cluster Setup

  • Tribes that link to 2 clusters

  • Cluster 1

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 2 hourly indices (1 for syslog, 1 for application logs)

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 2 million docs (6gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

  • Cluster 2

    • 3 masters (vms, master=true, data=false)

    • 2 hot nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

      • 1 hourly index

      • 1 replica

      • Each index ~ 8 million docs (20gb - excl. of replica)

      • Rolled to cold nodes after 48 hrs

    • 2 cold nodes (physical, master=false, data=true)

Interestingly, we're actually having problems on Cluster 1's hot nodes
even though it indexes less.

It suggests that this is a problem with searching because Cluster 1 is
searched on a lot more.

Machine settings (hot node)

  • java

    • java version "1.7.0_11"

    • Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_11-b21)

    • Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.6-b04, mixed mode)

  • 128gb ram

  • 8 cores, 32 cpus

  • ssds (raid 0)

JVM settings

                                                                            
                                                         
java                                                                     
                                                                            
                                                          
-Xms96g -Xmx96g -Xss256k                                                 
                                                                            
                                                          
-Djava.awt.headless=true                                                 
                                                                            
                                                          
-XX:+UseParNewGC -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC 
-XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=75                                       
                                                                            
              
-XX:+UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly                                       
                                                                            
                                                          
-XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+PrintGCTimeStamps -XX:+PrintClassHistogram 
-XX:+PrintTenuringDistribution                                             
                                                                
-XX:+PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -Xloggc:/var/log/elasticsearch/gc.log 
-XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError                                             
                                                          
-verbose:gc -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps -XX:+UseGCLogFileRotation 
-XX:NumberOfGCLogFiles=10 -XX:GCLogFileSize=10M                             
                                                                      
-Xloggc:[...]                                                             
                                                                            
                                                         
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote 
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.local.only=[...]                             
                                                                            
                        
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=[...] 
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=[...]                           
                                                                            
              
-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=[...]                                 
                                                                            
                                                         
-Delasticsearch -Des.pidfile=[...]                                       
                                                                            
                                                          
-Des.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch -cp 
:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/elasticsearch-1.0.1.jar:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/*:/usr/share/elasticsearch/lib/sigar/* 
                                         
-Des.default.path.home=/usr/share/elasticsearch                           
                                                                            
                                                         
-Des.default.path.logs=[...]                                             
                                                                            
                                                          
-Des.default.path.data=[...]                                             
                                                                            
                                                          
-Des.default.path.work=[...]                                             
                                                                            
                                                          
-Des.default.path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch 
org.elasticsearch.bootstrap.Elasticsearch                                   
                                                                            
             

Key elasticsearch.yml settings

  • threadpool.bulk.type: fixed

  • threadpool.bulk.queue_size: 1000

  • indices.memory.index_buffer_size: 30%

  • index.translog.flush_threshold_ops: 50000

  • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 30%

Search Load (Cluster 1)

  • Mainly Kibana3 (queries ES with daily alias that expands to 24 hourly
    indices)

  • Jenkins jobs that constantly run and do many faceting/aggregations for
    the last hour's of data

Things we've tried (unsuccesfully)

  • GC settings

    • young/old ratio

      • Set young/old ration to 50/50 hoping that things would get GCed
        before having the chance to move to old.

      • The old grew at a slower rate but still things could not be
        collected.

    • survivor space ratio

      • Give survivor space a higher ratio of young

      • Increase number of generations to make it to old be 10 (up from 6)

    • Lower cms occupancy ratio

      • Tried 60% hoping to kick GC earlier. GC kicked in earlier but still
        could not collect.
  • Limit filter/field cache

    • indices.fielddata.cache.size: 32GB

    • indices.cache.filter.size: 4GB

  • Optimizing index to 1 segment on the 3rd hour

  • Limit JVM to 32 gb ram

  • Limit JVM to 65 gb ram

    • This fulfils the 'leave 50% to the os' principle.
  • Read 90.5/7 OOM errors-- memory leak or GC problems?

https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!searchin/elasticsearch/memory$20leak/elasticsearch/_Zve60xOh_E/N13tlXgkUAwJ

  • But we're not using term filters

32 GB Heap

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-T6uUeqSFhns/VEUMsYWwukI/AAAAAAAABm0/eayuSevxWNY/s1600/es_32gb.png

65 GB Heap

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-C9ScRI9pO2A/VEUM6uxcJ-I/AAAAAAAABm8/iGqqKemt4aw/s1600/es_65gb.png

65 GB Heap with changed young/old ratio

https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Ugzr4PQv_uE/VEUNGy-zguI/AAAAAAAABnE/FbnhnVHQQ20/s1600/es_65gb_yo.png

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.
For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/d/optout.

--
Adrien Grand

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