"apple" and the english analyzer

I'm not sure why ES is behaving like this. Here's my request:

GET /_analyze
	"analyzer": "english",
	"text": "apple"

And here's the response:

  "tokens": [
      "token": "appl",
      "start_offset": 0,
      "end_offset": 5,
      "type": "<ALPHANUM>",
      "position": 0

Does anyone know why apple is turning into appl?

BTW, I tried the same thing with pineapple and it turns into pineappl. Words like pear, banana, and encyclopedia come out just fine.

That's the effect of the english stemmer IMO.

Have a look at https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/analysis-stemmer-tokenfilter.html

There are other options for the stemmer. If the default one does not fit your needs.

For background - stemming is used so that words like meddle, meddled, meddling and meddles are all turned into meddl in the index and can all match each other.

Not always useful though. I remember one situation where users were searching for Improvised Explosive Devices and the stemmer had turned all IEDs into just I.

Interesting. I didn't realize that stemming would just lop off the part of the word that varies. I had expected it to normalize on the root word. The meddle example makes sense. I'm trying to figure out what other words apple shares a root with, other than apples. I feel like stemming would make apple and apply share the same stem of appl.

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